The need of dressing and covering, which is one of the basic needs of humanity, has given birth to the textile industry as the demand for this need increases as the population increases in the world. As the textile sector wants to achieve the supply-demand balance in the shortest and cheapest way like every other sector so the linear system has been adopted. In the linear economy system, the production chain proceeds with a take-make-dispose mentality. Looking at the current system, more than 90 percent of the raw materials used globally are not recycled to the economy. Among these non-recyclable wastes, the proportion of textile wastes is quite high. However, these wastes are materials that can be used and recycled in many areas within the framework of economic, environmental and social values. The industry and consumers are not aware that they received at the hands of these values and the raw nature, they leave back to nature as waste. The point we need to ask here should be “where is sustainability in this system?”
This system, which has captured every sector, cannot answer the question of how raw materials can be used more efficiently. This linear system focuses on the question of how we can produce and sell more products. This production chain has become toxic to the textile industry which is already producing a lot of waste and is sufficiently damaging to the environment and is an obvious threat to the world. According to the report published by the Ellen MacArthur foundation, it is stated that every second, one garbage truck volume of textile waste is stored or burned. If nothing is changed in the system, the fashion industry will consume a quarter of the world’s carbon resource by 2050.
Brands that adopt the fast fashion trend, such as Zara and Mango, release 52 collections a year, making people believe that they need something constantly with new products every week, and the consumer enters a vicious cycle of use-dispose. As a result, each short-lived and low-cost clothing produced in this system turns into potential waste for the environment.
In the light of this information, if a comparison is made between linear system and sustainability, it can be seen that there are two opposite concepts. this linear system has become the waste itself, rather than a way to ensure waste management and sustainability.
Despite all these disadvantages, one of the biggest reasons why the linear system continues in the textile industry is the ambition to grow. If the textile industry moves away from this ‘out of fashion’ system and switches to an innovative system that respects nature and people, and is open to transformation, companies can contribute to their economic development by evaluating unused products within the framework of sustainability. Only in this way can healthy ‘growth’ be achieved. We see that the negative consequences of the linear system pose a danger to both the industry and the environment. A change in production type should be made as soon as possible and a sustainable system should be passed to the circular system. Circular system is the best way to ensure sustainability in the textile industry, as it progresses from the principles of reduce-reuse-recycle.